Brayton, George Bailey

[br]
b. 1839 Rhode Island, USA
d. 1892 Leeds, England
[br]
American engineer, inventor of gas and oil engines.
[br]
During the thirty years prior to his death, Brayton devoted considerable effort to the development of internal-combustion engines. He designed the first commercial gas engine of American origin in 1872. An oil-burning engine was produced in 1875. An aptitude for mechanical innovation became apparent whilst he was employed at the Exeter Machine Works, New Hampshire, where he developed a successful steam generator for use in domestic and industrial heating systems. Brayton engines were distinguished by the method of combustion. A pressurized air-fuel mixture from a reservoir was ignited as it entered the working cylinder—a precursor of the constant-pressure cycle. A further feature of these early engines was a rocking beam. There exist accounts of Brayton engines fitted into river craft, and of one in a carriage which operated for a few months in 1872–3. However, the appearance of the four-stroke Otto engine in 1876, together with technical problems associated with backfiring into the fuel reservoir, prevented large-scale acceptance of the Brayton engine. Although Thompson Sterne \& Co. of Glasgow became licensees, the engine failed to gain usage in Britain. A working model of Brayton's gas engine is exhibited in the Museum of History and Technology in Washington, DC.
[br]
Bibliography
1872, US patent no. 125,166 (Brayton gas engine).
July 1890, British patent no. 11,062 (oil engine; under patent agent W.R.Lake).
Further Reading
D.Clerk, 1895, The Gas and Oil Engine, 6th edn, London, pp. 152–62 (includes a description and report of tests carried out on a Brayton engine).
KAB

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Brayton — (October 3, 1830 ndash; December 17, 1892) was born in Rhode Island, son of William H. and Minerva (Bailey) Brayton [Hopkins, Hannah Clarke Bailey, Records of the Bailey family : descendants of William Bailey of Newport, R.I., chiefly in the line …   Wikipedia

  • Brayton — may refer to a number of things:People* Brayton Biekman, a Dutch footballer. * Brayton C. Ives, was a president of Northern Pacific Railway, of the New York Stock Exchange and of the Western National Bank of New York.* Charles R. Brayton, an… …   Wikipedia

  • George Brayton — (* 3. Oktober 1830 in Rhode Island; † 17. Dezember 1892) war ein US amerikanischer Maschinenbauingenieur. George Brayton wurde als Sohn von William H. und Minerva (Bailey) Brayton geboren. Bekannt wurde er durch die Formulierung eines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Steam and internal combustion engines — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Adamson, Daniel Allen, John F. Barber, John Barsanti, Eugenio Baumann, Karl Beau de Rochas, Alphonse Eugène Bodmer, Johann Georg …   Biographical history of technology

  • List of Indianapolis 500 fatal accidents — Drivers = Drivers killed before the first Indianapolis 500 Mile Race *1909 **William Borque Drivers killed in the Indianapolis 500 Mile Race Fourteen drivers have died as a result of racing in the 500 . Ten races involved accidents claiming the… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des personnes décédées lors des 500 miles d'Indianapolis — Voici la liste des personnes décédées lors des 500 miles d Indianapolis, que ce soit en course ou aux essais. Édition Pilote Voiture Mécanicien Commissaire Spectateur Séance 1911 Harry Martin  ? …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste Des Généraux De L'Union — Liste des officiers généraux de l’armée de l Union, durant la guerre de Sécession : Liens internes Liste des généraux de la Confédération Grades Général = général d armée, Lieutenant général = général de corps d armée, Major général =… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des généraux de l'Union — Liste des officiers généraux de l’armée de l Union, durant la guerre de Sécession : Grades Général = général d armée, Lieutenant général = général de corps d armée, Major général = général de division, Brigadier général = général de brigade… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Teach the Controversy — is the name of a Discovery Institute intelligent design campaign to promote intelligent design, a variant of traditional creationism, while discrediting evolution in United States public high school science courses.citation | url=… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste de zoologistes — Attention, il n est pas d usage en zoologie d utiliser d abréviation pour les noms des auteurs (contrairement aux usages de la botanique, voir ici). Cette liste ne constitue pas une liste officielle. Nous attirons l attention du lecteur sur son… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.